Moments of history

Largest number

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Tonti walked around the room.

- Molly! he said unexpectedly.

- What is the largest number?

- Quarkapatcrystalline,- Molly answered instantly.

- There is no such number!

- And there it is! So many cakes can eat the most important sweet tooth in the world ...

- But how many zeros does this have?

Molly grabbed a leaf and began to display rows of tiny zeros.

- The largest number does not exist. Because we can draw zeros endlessly, Mollina's grandmother intervened. - But there is the largest number that has a name. This is the number of asankheya. It was invented in India thousands of years ago. It is a unit and 140 zeros. And in second place, the number of googles is one and one hundred zeros. The funny word "googol" was invented by the little son of a mathematician. Googol is a lot. This is much more than the amount of all grains of sand in all deserts of the Earth.

Carnivals

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Tonti flew into the room in Molly's mask.

- What is this ?! - Molly was indignant.

- Come on soon! We have a carnival today! Tonti said cheerfully.

- I'm sorry, what?

- Get ready and listen. This is a very interesting holiday! They came up with it awfully long ago, even in Ancient Rome. Slaves and gentlemen changed places there: the hosts offered wine to their servants, and they behaved as they pleased. They say that the word "carnival" translates as "farewell to the meat." Such grandiose holidays are usually arranged just before Lent. But in Venice everyone loved carnival masks so much that they began to wear them even on ordinary days.

In Russia, carnivals appeared under Peter the Great.

They lasted all night: with dances, jokes, fireworks and unmasking in the morning. The drums beat loudly, the bells rang. Different animals were made to scream. The noise was unimaginable! And at the daughter of Peter the Great, Empress Elizabeth Petrovna, at the holidays, a trick was instituted. Men dressed as women and women as men. In winter, the Empress held carnivals in a huge ice house. Everything was made of ice-trees, birds, tables, chairs and even elephants. The kids also had their own masquerades - with costumes and fun until the morning. But the most ambitious carnivals in Russia were held in honor of military victories. As many as three thousand people attended one of these holidays!

Well, 150 neighbors and all fifth grades from school will come to our carnival. So in your place, Molly, I would hurry. It's time to choose a costume.

Russian slides

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Tonti and Molly walked around the amusement park.

- Tonti, let's go ride the crazy railroad! - suggested Molly.

- Is that what you call a roller coaster? Haha The old man selling tickets smiled too:

- Do you know that in America, and around the world, these slides are called Russians?

- True? - surprised Tonti and Molly.

In the old days in Russia, skiing from the mountains was a favorite pastime for everyone! Empress Catherine II was so passionate about this that she ordered to make huge ice slides with a track for a sled. And then someone came up with the wheels to attach to the sleigh - so that in the summer you can ride them too. This idea was spied by the French and in 1812 opened an attraction called "Russian Gorki", Only their "sleds" - wagons on wheels - rolled along the track with rails so as not to go astray on sharp turns.

Then they began to build such slides in many countries, and most of all - in America. Therefore, they are sometimes called American.

- Then we have two tickets on a roller coaster! No, it's better to have four !!!