Who came up with the sheet music
Music with us - from the earliest times! But the familiar notes appeared not so long ago. Where did they come from?
Musicians have tried all sorts of ways to memorize melodies. For example, they learned by heart and repeated from memory. And they also wrote down with the help of signs, hooks, letters of the Greek or Latin alphabet - who in what way. Neumas were also popular - signs that indicated the pitch and rhythm, but helped the singers only if they already knew the song.
In the eleventh century, the Italian Guido d'Arezzo single-handedly solved the problem of musical literacy! He served in the temple and taught choir singers. There were many psalms, but there was still no convenient way to memorize them. Had to deal with each student separately, which took too much time.
Classes always began with a small and light chant - a hymn to St. John the Baptist. Each line had to be sung higher than the previous one. To prevent the young students from getting confused, Guido wrote down the first lines of the anthem separately, drawing next to it a small diagram of four rulers and squares. As in a song up or down, the squares lay on their steps, and each one corresponded to its height.
Soon everything became even easier - the squares turned into dots, because it was more convenient and faster to write them down. The first lines of the anthem were reduced to the first syllables: UT, RE, MI ‚FA, SOL, LA. Over time, the fifth line was added, and UT was replaced with the usual DO. The seventh note arose later from the addition of the first letters of the words of the seventh line: "St. John" - SI.
Well, in the form in which we all know it, musical notation has existed since the 17th century. And musicians can now play any melody - the notes around the world are the same for everyone!